What is a Puppy Mill?

Posted by: Kathy  /  Category: How to care for your Shih-Tzu puppy

What is a Puppy Mill?

Puppy mills are nothing new. These mass dog-breeding operations have been around for decades. They continue to thrive because they prey on unwitting consumers who are smitten by too-cute-for-words puppies in pet store windows and on fancy websites.

But behind the friendly facade of the local pet shop, the pastoral scenes on a “breeder’s” website, or the neighborhood newspaper ad, there often lies a puppy mill. These canine breeding facilities house dogs in shockingly poor conditions.

Life is particularly bad for “breeding stock,” dogs who live their entire lives in cages and are continually bred for years, without human companionship and with little hope of ever becoming part of a family. These dogs receive little or no veterinary care and never see a bed, a treat or a toy. After their fertility wanes, breeding animals are commonly killed, abandoned or sold to another mill. The annual result of all this breeding is hundreds of thousands of puppies, many with behavior and/or health problems.

Because a puppy mill is a business, the facility is designed purely for profit, not for the well-being of dogs.Several hundred thousand puppies are shipped cross-country to be sold in pet shops, but many are sold via newspaper classifieds or Internet sites and are often accompanied by false claims. The ploys of the puppy mill are designed to dupe a well-intentioned family into buying a puppy and keeping the engine of cruelty working overtime.

Puppy Mills are the Suppliers of PET STORES and online websites built for profit!

If a online site sells puppies, ask where the puppies are coming from!!

What is a Back Yard Breeder?

What’s a BYB?
A BYB (for Back Yard Breeder) is the average pet owner that breeds their dog(s).

WHAT THEY DO (and what they DON’T DO)

1) They breed dogs that are not correct for the Standards for health, temperament, and how they *suppose* to look. This is why many of the back-yard breeding’s that take place produce puppies which grows into adults that are incorrect and often have terrible behavior problems.

2) They breed dogs that have the same faults, which in turn, compounds faults into the puppies.

3) They do not know the breed standards for the breed they are breeding.

4) They do not know what genetic (health) issues are for the breed they are breeding, they say that there are NO problems associated with the breed, or ask, “what problems?”

5) They are not there for you IF you have problems or questions through-out the lifetime of your dog.

6) They do not require spay/neuter contracts, nor do they supply you with a written contract/guarantee, nor do they require the dog be returned to them if you can no longer keep the animal.

7) They think they can make just a little money breeding.

8) Some will screen potential buyers and some won’t. Most really don’t care what happens to the puppy after it leaves their house.


1) With them not requiring spay/neuters, when those dogs are eventually bred (as most will do), then it compounds the problems… more and more dogs are being produced in an overly populated world already. Just go to your local shelter and look at all those dogs. They were someone’s pet at some point in their life. Most of them would come from someone just wanting to breed their pets just once or twice.

2) By continued irresponsible breeding(s), more and more dogs end up in rescue, shelters, dumped, research labs, used as bait dogs for dog fighting or at the hands of commercial dog breeders (Puppy Mill Breeders) or commercial brokers (Puppy Mill Brokers).
Note: Brokers buy from the commercial dog breeders and sell directly to the PetStores or directly to the Public

Study the breed standards!

Puppies should be health looking, proper weight, with clear bright eyes.
Nasal discharge (if any) should ONLY be clear, not green or yellow, or crusty.
Puppies should be round, but not OVERLY round. (indication of worms).


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